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Official NameRepublic of Ghana
Main TownsAccra, Cape Coast, Kumasi, Tamale, Takoradi, Tema
Subdivisions10 regions: Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western
Independence6 March 1957
UN Membership8 March 1957
OAU Membership25 May 1963
Commonwealth6 March 1957
Other OrganisationsABEDA, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OAS (observer), OAU, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO
Population17,763,138 (July
Area92,098 sq. mls. (238,533 sq. kms.)
Density63 per sq.km. (1995)
Highest PointMount Afadjoto 2,905 ft. (885 m.)
Lowest PointGulf of Guinea - sea level
NeighborsBurkina Faso (N), Ivory Coast (W), Togo (E)
Life Expectancy59 years (1995), total populatio
Adult Literacy Ratetotal population: 64.5%, male: 7
Ethnic GroupAkan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Guan
LanguagesEnglish (official), Adanme, Akan, Dagbani, Ewe, Fante, Ga, Moshi-Dagomba, Twi
ReligionChristian 24%, with a large Muslim 30%, Traditional beliefs 38%.
Type of GovernmentConstitutional democracy
PresidentJohn Agyekum Kufuor (since 7 January 2001)
Prime Minister
Political PartiesEvery Ghanaian Living Everywhere (EGLE); National Convention Party (NCP); National Democratic Congress (NDC); New Patriotic Part
Ruling PartyNew Patriotic Party (NPP)(last held 7 December 2000), National Democratic Congress (NDC)
CurrencyCedi (C)(100 pesewas)
GDPUS$432 (1992) US$6,315m (1995)
GNPUS$450 (1992) US$450 (1994) US$390 (1995)
DebtUS$5.6bn (1995) US$7bn (1999 est.)
Major ImportsMachinery & transport equipment basic manufactures petroleum and products chemicals food beverages and tobacco miscellaneous manufactures
Imports FromUK 18% USA 12% Germany 6% EU 42% Asia 11% Africa 19%
Major ExportsGold 44.7% Cocoa & cocoa products 26.1% timber & timber products 13.4% manganese diamonds electricity bauxite
Exports ToUSA 19% Germany 17% UK 9% EU 49% Asia 9% Africa 2%

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