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CountryKenya
Official NameRepublic of Kenya
CapitalNairobi
Main TownsEldoret, Kericho, Kisumu, Kitale, Machakos, Mombasa, Nairobi, Nakuru, Nyeri, Thika
Subdivisions7 provinces: Central, Coast, Eastern, North Eastern, Nyanza, Rift Valley, Western. 1 capital district (area): Nairobi Area.
Independence12 December 1963
UN Membership16 December 1963
OAU Membership13 December 1963
Commonwealth12 December 1963
Other OrganisationsACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMEE, U
Population28,817,227 (July
Area224,961 sq. mls. (582,646 sq. kms.)
Density41 per sq.km. (1995)
Highest PointMt. Kenya (Kirinyaga) 17,058 ft. (5,199 m.)
Lowest PointIndian Ocean - sea level
NeighborsEthiopia (N), Somalia (NW), Sudan (NW), Tanzania (S), Uganda (W)
Life Expectancy58 years (1995), total populatio
Adult Literacy Ratetotal population: 78.1%, male: 8
Ethnic GroupBantu, Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Cushitic families including: Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Me
LanguagesEnglish, Swahili is the national language
ReligionChristianity, Islam and traditional religions.
Type of GovernmentRepublic
PresidentDaniel Toroitich arap Moi (since 14 October 1978)
Prime Minister
Political PartiesKenya African National Union (KANU); Forum for the Restoration of Democracy (FORD-Kenya); Forum for the Restoration of Democracy
Ruling PartyKenya African National Union (KANU)
CurrencyKenya Shilling (Ksh)(100 cents)
GDPUS$279 (1992) US$267 (1994) US$9,095m (1995)
GNPUS$330 (1992) US$235 (1994) US$280 (1995)
DebtUS$6.4bn (end 1995) US$6.2 bn (2000)
Major ImportsCrude petroleum industrial supplies machinery & capital equipment food and live animals transport equipment
Imports FromUK 12.1% United Arab Emirates 9.9% South Africa 7.5% Japan 7.3% USA 6.8% Germany 6% Italy 3.5% France 3.4%
Major ExportsTea horticultural products coffee petroleum products fruit & vegetables cement sisal
Exports ToUK 14.1% Germany 8.5% Uganda 7.9% USA 6.4% Tanzania 6.4% Netherlands 5.4% Pakistan 5.3% Egypt 3.7%

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